#1 Sprinting through documents and emails

Attention spans are short in the digital age, and you’re probably not in the habit of reading thousands of words at a single sitting. That’s understandable, but you must read every word in documents and emails your lender, agent, appraiser, and title officer put in front of you. And you must read them carefully

Yes, it’s a lot of reading. But you are making the biggest purchase of your life. The details are important. Contracts are legal documents, so what they say matters. Once a contract is signed, it’s legally enforceable.

#2 Paying too little attention to the paperwork

I recommend asking your title representative for a copy of as much of the paperwork as you can get before the closing date and reading it a few days in advance. You should be able to get everything but the lender documents, which aren’t available until the close. Reading them early gives you time to make notes or ask questions.

That said, it’s OK to wait until the closing to read some of the docs, even if it means making everybody wait while you delve into the minutiae of the escrow statement, sale agreement, or deed of trust. Buying a home is a huge and important decision. Take your time!

#3 Leaving people out of the loop about major life changes

This deal involves several people: you, the seller, your agent, the seller’s agent, the lender, and the title rep. Keep relevant participants in the know about every bit of information, or you could delay your closing. If your job changes, let the lender know. If you and the seller do a handshake deal on a credit for a last-minute repair, notify your agent and the lender.

The paperwork has to reflect any deals. If the lender knows about the deal, they’ll capture it in the paperwork.

I have seen buyers who were laid off or furloughed during the nation’s initial COVID-19 outbreak after being pre-approved for a mortgage but before closing. They didn’t tell anyone. They thought we wouldn’t find out.

Lenders always find out, he explains. They do a second check on your employment just before the closing date. Speak up when you have a job change, so that your lender can restructure the deal. It’s better than being silent and having the sale fall through at the last minute.

#4 Using inconsistent versions of your name in your documentation

Have you recently gotten married or divorced but not updated your driver’s license with the name change? If so, you could run into trouble at closing.

On closing day, a notary will look at your license to be sure the name matches the name on your paperwork. If the names don’t match, the title can’t be signed. You’ll either have to get a new ID with a name that matches the one on the paperwork, or redo the paperwork to match the name on the ID. Either way, you’re not closing on your house that day.

To avoid this snafu, make sure your state-issued ID has your current name on it. At the beginning of the deal, tell your lender, agent, and title officer your full legal name – your first, middle, and last name as it appears on your ID. No nicknames or stage names allowed.

#5 Being in the dark about the home closing process

A lot of buyers, especially first-timers, don’t understand their role in a home closing. I have seen buyers who:

  • Brought their checkbook to a closing thinking they could pay with a personal check
  • Didn’t know the location of the closing or who should come with them
  • Were surprised to learn they would be reading and signing a stack of important documents

Spend some time learning about the steps and the players in the home buying transaction. That way, you’ll know what’s expected of you.

#6 Forgetting to line up your wire transfer or cashier’s check or not allowing enough time

As mistake #5 indicates, you can’t use a personal check to cover the amount you owe at closing, including the down payment. You’ll need to pay the balance with a wire transfer or a cashier’s check.

You can get a cashier’s check at a bank where you hold an account, assuming you have enough money in your account to cover the transaction and all recent deposits have cleared. Keep in mind that some banks require advance notice, so it’s not a good idea to plan on a quick stop on the way to closing.

Most banks send wire transfers electronically. You can request the wire transfer in person, over the phone, or sometimes over the internet. Even though this sounds fast, delays can happen. The money might need to be sent to a corresponding bank, or you may miss your bank’s cutoff time for sending wire transfers or lose time waiting for an approval.

If you’re trying to decide between the two options, consider the fact that some closing agents  won’t accept cashier’s checks at the closing table. It’s a risk. The funds won’t be available in their escrow account until the next business day. So, when [closing agents] accept a cashier’s check, they are closing the transaction with insufficient funds. The larger the amount of the cashier’s check, the less likely it will be accepted.

WIth either a wire transfer or a cashier’s check, ask questions about payment requirements and be sure to allow enough time.

#7 Asking too few questions at closing

If you see an acronym you don’t recognize, ask. Is there a word you don’t understand? Ask. Do you wonder if the well has been checked? Ask. No question is too big or too small.

I suggest calling the title company and asking questions a few days before closing. If a buyer calls us in advance and asks to walk them through the transaction, they are happy to do it, either on the phone or in person. It means the process will go smoothly on closing day.

You can ask questions at the closing, too. Remember, your agent and the title officer are there to help. At some point we were all first-time home buyers. We were all scared; we understand. Don’t be afraid to use us.

You may think the stress of closing is a given. But you can keep your cool if you communicate and ask questions, read the documents, and understand the home closing process.